FD.io VPP  v18.11-rc0-18-g2a3fb1a
Vector Packet Processing
Vector Packet Processing


The VPP platform is an extensible framework that provides out-of-the-box production quality switch/router functionality. It is the open source version of Cisco's Vector Packet Processing (VPP) technology: a high performance, packet-processing stack that can run on commodity CPUs.

The benefits of this implementation of VPP are its high performance, proven technology, its modularity and flexibility, and rich feature set.

For more information on VPP and its features please visit the FD.io website and What is VPP? pages.


Details of the changes leading up to this version of VPP can be found under Release Notes.

Directory layout

Directory name Description
build-data Build metadata
build-root Build output directory
doxygen Documentation generator configuration
dpdk DPDK patches and build infrastructure
extras/libmemif Client library for memif
src/examples VPP example code
src/plugins VPP bundled plugins directory
src/svm Shared virtual memory allocation library
src/tests Standalone tests (not part of test harness)
src/vat VPP API test program
src/vlib VPP application library
src/vlibapi VPP API library
src/vlibmemory VPP Memory management
src/vlibsocket VPP Socket I/O
src/vnet VPP networking
src/vpp VPP application
src/vpp-api VPP application API bindings
src/vppinfra VPP core library
src/vpp/api Not-yet-relocated API bindings
test Unit tests and Python test harness

Getting started

In general anyone interested in building, developing or running VPP should consult the VPP wiki for more complete documentation.

In particular, readers are recommended to take a look at Pulling, Building, Running, Hacking, Pushing which provides extensive step-by-step coverage of the topic.

For the impatient, some salient information is distilled below.

Quick-start: On an existing Linux host

To install system dependencies, build VPP and then install it, simply run the build script. This should be performed a non-privileged user with sudo access from the project base directory:


If you want a more fine-grained approach because you intend to do some development work, the Makefile in the root directory of the source tree provides several convenience shortcuts as make targets that may be of interest. To see the available targets run:


Quick-start: Vagrant

The directory extras/vagrant contains a VagrantFile and supporting scripts to bootstrap a working VPP inside a Vagrant-managed Virtual Machine. This VM can then be used to test concepts with VPP or as a development platform to extend VPP. Some obvious caveats apply when using a VM for VPP since its performance will never match that of bare metal; if your work is timing or performance sensitive, consider using bare metal in addition or instead of the VM.

For this to work you will need a working installation of Vagrant. Instructions for this can be found on the Setting up Vagrant wiki page.

More information

Several modules provide documentation, see User Documentation for more end-user-oriented information. Also see Developer Documentation for developer notes.

Visit the VPP wiki for details on more advanced building strategies and other development notes.

Test Framework

There is PyDoc generated documentation available for the VPP test framework. See Test Framework Documentation for details.